Wireless communication has revolutionized the world. It’s no wonder 5G technology is in the spotlight right now. So far, available in some cities, and soon across the whole planet, the ultra-fast data transmission via fiber-optic cables will become a reality, and allow the accommodation of television, three-dimensional images, and new apps we could not even dream of, in our mobile devices.
Cellular service providers and equipment dealers are feverishly working on the development of 5G communication, and the general public is looking forward to it. Meanwhile, researchers and engineers in various countries are already working on the development of next-generation wireless technologies – 6G.
But nobody really knows yet what 6G is. Its standardization will be taken up in the coming decade by international standards organizations, that includes hundreds of companies. But even now, based on the results achieved in the laboratories of the University of New York, we can say that by the year 2035 6G will make it possible to send wireless signals at astronomical speed, almost instantly.
Researchers call 6G “wireless cognition.” That means that any information can instantly be delivered from one point to another. With the help of 6G, cellular phones will be able to remotely control robots and other human-like AI devices.
Using electromagnetic frequencies above 95 GHz, cell phones of the future will be able to operate on wideband channels. They will be equipped with special antennas that will ensure perfect signal reception, and allow new devices to operate efficiently. Those frequencies are 40 times higher than the current frequencies used by 4G smartphones and 3-4 times higher than those with 5G. Last year the frequencies were set for commercial use by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
6G will multiply the precision of positioning and direction determination, as well as of all graphic characteristics to a very great extent.
The new near-terahertz frequencies will transmit super-fast calculations over a very large frequency spectrum which will multiply the capabilities of mobile phones.
A 6G phone of the future, for example, will be able to analyze the ambient air for the presence of allergens, explosives, or poisonous compounds, and determine if a product is safe.
6G will allow you to see at night and distinguish images much better than the human eye can. Just as a cell phone once replaced a stand-alone camera and wristwatch for many people, and now it’s beginning to gradually replace a wallet, 6G cell phones could eventually replace even conventional glasses, with special models with headphones and a very high level of performance.
6G phones will literally see through walls thanks to the ability to map a surrounding area, and combine signals from the environment and special phone antennas. This will, for example, allow you to know if there’s someone in the next room.
6G phones will be able to perform ultra-precise positioning with a centimeter accuracy level. Such high accuracy will be very useful for self-driving cars and other vehicles.
Most of the ideas described above are currently at a research level in laboratories of universities and some of the most advanced companies around the world. There is enough evidence to hope that the era of 6G technology will begin in around 2030.
The countries that are now at the forefront of 6G development will have huge benefits and breakthroughs in economic development. That perspective makes 6G technology research and development a national priority for any country. China, Japan, and South Korea have taken the lead in 6G technology, while the United States and others are clearly trailing behind. According to Bloomberg, Washington should take radical measures to remedy the situation.